When consumers purchase a product, they expect it to function as intended. Unfortunately, that’s not always the case. A defective product can not only fail to perform but also cause harm.
This article outlines the three main categories of defective product liability claims: Design Defects, Manufacturing Defects, and Marketing Defects. Understanding these categories can aid both consumers and manufacturers in identifying liabilities and pursuing legal remedies.
Design defects pertain to flaws that are inherent in the initial design of a product. The issue is not with the manufacturing process, but rather with the product’s blueprint itself.
A design defect claim requires proof that the product is inherently unsafe even when manufactured and used correctly. Plaintiffs must demonstrate that an alternative design could have been used to minimize the risk without sacrificing the product’s utility.
- A chair designed with weak leg joints that cannot support an average adult’s weight.
- A car model that easily flips over when making sharp turns.
Manufacturing defects occur during the assembly or production phase of a product. These defects are not part of the product’s design but happen due to errors in the manufacturing process.
In these cases, it’s necessary to prove that the defect occurred during manufacturing and that it was the direct cause of harm. This category often involves “one-off” defects rather than widespread design issues.
- A batch of medication contaminated due to unclean factory conditions.
- A smartphone with a faulty battery that overheats and catches fire.
Marketing defects involve inadequate or inaccurate instructions, warnings, or recommendations related to a product. These defects can also refer to misleading advertising.
To establish a marketing defect claim, one must prove that the manufacturer failed to provide sufficient information or gave misleading information, leading to harm.
- A cleaning product sold without adequate safety warnings about ingesting it.
- A toy marketed for all ages but contains small parts that pose a choking hazard for young children.
What do I need to establish a product liability claim?
To establish a claim, you need evidence of the defect, proof that it caused harm, and documentation that you used the product as intended or warned.
Can I file a claim for used products?
Yes, as long as you can establish that the defect existed before or at the time of purchase and was the direct cause of harm.
What is a ‘reasonable alternative design’ in a design defect claim?
It’s an alternative product design that would have reduced or eliminated the risk of harm without compromising the product’s utility or making it unreasonably expensive.
How long do I have to file a claim?
The statute of limitations varies by jurisdiction and type of claim. Consult a legal professional for specific timelines.
Can a retailer be held liable for a defective product?
Usually, liability lies with the manufacturer. However, under certain circumstances, retailers can also be held accountable.
Where can I get legal advice?
Consult a legal professional specializing in product liability for tailored advice.
By understanding these three categories of defective product liability claims, consumers can better identify when they have grounds for legal action, and manufacturers can take steps to minimize risk and improve product safety.